Meiosis is a type of cell division where the daughter cells have half the chromosomal quantity of the parent cells. Meiosis occurs with the production of sex cells, such as egg and sperm, where each has half of the total chromosomal number of the parent. In humans, we have 46 chromosomes. Therefore, in meiosis cell division produces cells with 26 chromosomes. When the egg and the sperm come together in fertilization, the two sets of chromosomes combine to form 46.