Islam by topic: Man

by Matt Slick

Islam views humanity in much of the same way as does the Bible. In Islam a lot breathed life into man, informed him from the dust of the ground. However, in the Quran it also says That man develops in the womb in stages of 40 days and that he is formed from nothing, congealed blood, sperm, and water. Of course there is much discrepancy. Unlike Christianity, Islam does not contain the doctrine of Original Sin sinful nature of mankind. In Islam, man is able to potentially please God through the sincerity of his own heart.

  1. Allah breathed life into man
    1. Surah 15:29, “When I have fashioned him (in due proportion) and breathed into him of My spirit, fall ye down in obeisance unto him.”
  2. Determination of which parent the child looks like:  Note, that there is a male discharge and also a female discharge
    1. "When 'Abdullah bin Salam heard the arrival of the Prophet at Medina, he came to him and said, "I am going to ask you about three things which nobody knows except a prophet: What is the first portent of the Hour? What will be the first meal taken by the people of Paradise? Why does a child resemble its father, and why does it resemble its maternal uncle" Allah's Apostle said, "Gabriel has just now told me of their answers." 'Abdullah said, "He (i.e. Gabriel), from amongst all the angels, is the enemy of the Jews." Allah's Apostle said, "The first portent of the Hour will be a fire that will bring together the people from the east to the west; the first meal of the people of Paradise will be Extra-lobe (caudate lobe) of fish-liver. As for the resemblance of the child to its parents: If a man has sexual intercourse with his wife and gets discharge first, the child will resemble the father, and if the woman gets discharge first, the child will resemble her." On that 'Abdullah bin Salam said, "I testify that you are the Apostle of Allah." 'Abdullah bin Salam further said, "O Allah's Apostle! The Jews are liars, and if they should come to know about my conversion to Islam before you ask them (about me), they would tell a lie about me." The Jews came to Allah's Apostle and 'Abdullah went inside the house. Allah's Apostle asked (the Jews), "What kind of man is 'Abdullah bin Salam amongst you?" They replied, "He is the most learned person amongst us, and the best amongst us, and the son of the best amongst us." Allah's Apostle said, "What do you think if he embraces Islam (will you do as he does)?" The Jews said, "May Allah save him from it." Then 'Abdullah bin Salam came out in front of them saying, "I testify that None has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah." Thereupon they said, "He is the evilest among us, and the son of the evilest amongst us," and continued talking badly of him." (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith, Volume 4, Book 55, Number #546: Narrated Anas).
  3. Order of formation of a person in the womb 
    1. dust, sperm, clot, morsel of flesh
      1. Surah 22:5, "O mankind! If ye have a doubt about the Resurrection, (consider) that We created you out of dust, then out of sperm, then out of a leech-like clot, then out of a morsel of flesh, partly formed and partly unformed, in order that We may manifest (our power) to you; and We cause whom We will to rest in the wombs for an appointed term, then do We bring you out as babes, then (foster you) that ye may reach your age of full strength; and some of you are called to die, and some are sent back to the feeblest old age, so that they know nothing after having known (much), and (further), thou seest the earth barren and lifeless, but when We pour down rain on it, it is stirred (to life), it swells, and it puts forth every kind of beautiful growth (in pairs).
    2. sperm, clot,
      1. Surah 75:37-38, "Was he not a drop of sperm emitted (in lowly form)? 38 Then did he become a leech-like clot; then did (Allah) make and fashion (him) in due proportion.
    3. sperm, clot, piece of flesh
      1. The Prophet said, "Allah has appointed an angel in the womb, and the angel says, 'O Lord! A drop of discharge (i.e. of semen), O Lord! a clot, O Lord! a piece of flesh.' And then, if Allah wishes to complete the child's creation, the angel will say. 'O Lord! A male or a female? O Lord! wretched or blessed (in religion)? What will his livelihood be? What will his age be?' The angel writes all this while the child is in the womb of its mother." (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith, Volume 4, Book 55, Number 550: Narrated Anas bin Malik)
    4. Human development, after 40 days in the womb he becomes a clot of thick blood for another 40 days,  then he becomes a piece of flesh for 40 days, then the soul is breathed into the person.
      1. "Allah's Apostle, the true and truly inspired said, "(as regards your creation), every one of you is collected in the womb of his mother for the first forty days, and then he becomes a clot for an other forty days, and then a piece of flesh for an other forty days. Then Allah sends an angel to write four words: He writes his deeds, time of his death, means of his livelihood, and whether he will be wretched or blessed (in religion). Then the soul is breathed into his body. So a man may do deeds characteristic of the people of the (Hell) Fire, so much so that there is only the distance of a cubit between him and it, and then what has been written (by the angel) surpasses, and so he starts doing deeds characteristic of the people of Paradise and enters Paradise. Similarly, a person may do deeds characteristic of the people of Paradise, so much so that there is only the distance of a cubit between him and it, and then what has been written (by the angel) surpasses, and he starts doing deeds of the people of the (Hell) Fire and enters the (Hell) Fire." (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith, Volume 4, Book 55, Number #549: Narrated Abdullah)
      2. "Allah's Apostle, the true and truly inspired said, "(The matter of the Creation of) a human being is put together in the womb of the mother in forty days, and then he becomes a clot of thick blood for a similar period, and then a piece of flesh for a similar period. Then Allah sends an angel who is ordered to write four things. He is ordered to write down his (i.e. the new creature's) deeds, his livelihood, his (date of) death, and whether he will be blessed or wretched (in religion). Then the soul is breathed into him. So, a man amongst you may do (good deeds till there is only a cubit between him and Paradise and then what has been written for him decides his behavior and he starts doing (evil) deeds characteristic of the people of the (Hell) Fire. And similarly a man amongst you may do (evil) deeds till there is only a cubit between him and the (Hell) Fire, and then what has been written for him decides his behavior, and he starts doing deeds characteristic of the people of Paradise." (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith, Volume 4, Book 54, Number #430, Narrated 'Abdullah bin Mus'ud)
  4. Produced from
    1. Nothing
      1. Surah 19:67, "But does not man call to mind that We created him before out of nothing?"
      2. Surah 52:35, "Were they created of nothing, or were they themselves the creators?"
    2. Clay
      1. Surah 15:26, "We created man from sounding clay, from mud moulded into shape."
      2. Surah 17:61, "Behold! We said to the angels: “Bow down unto Adam”: They bowed down except Iblis: He said, “Shall I bow down to one whom Thou didst create from clay?”
      3. Surah 32:7, "He Who has made everything which He has created most good: He began the creation of man with (nothing more than) clay."
    3. Congealed blood
      1. Surah 96:2, "Created man, out of a (mere) clot of congealed blood:"
    4. Dust
      1. Surah 3:59, "The similitude of Jesus before Allah is as that of Adam; He created him from dust, then said to him: “Be.” And he was."
      2. Surah 30:20, "Among His Signs in this, that He created you from dust; and then—behold, ye are men scattered (far and wide)!"
    5. Earth
      1. Surah 11:61, "To the Thamud People (We sent) Salih, one of their own brethren. He said: “O my people! Worship Allah: ye have no other god but Him. It is He Who hath produced you from the earth and settled you therein: then ask forgiveness of Him, and turn to Him (in repentance): for my Lord is (always) near, ready to answer.”
    6. Sperm
      1. Surah 16:4, "He has created man from a sperm-drop; and behold this same (man) becomes an open disputer!
      2. Surah 76:2, "Verily We created Man from a drop of mingled sperm, in order to try him: So We gave him (the gifts), of Hearing and Sight."
      3. Surah 80:19, "From a sperm-drop: He hath created him, and then mouldeth him in due proportions."
      4. Surah 86:5-7, "Now let man but think from what he is created! 6 He is created from a drop emitted 7 Proceeding from between the backbone and the ribs."
    7. Water
      1. Surah 21:30, "Do not the Unbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were joined together (as one unit of creation), before we clove them asunder? We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?"
 
 

About The Author

Matt Slick is the President and Founder of the Christian Apologetics and Research Ministry.