Chronological Order of the Quran

by Matt Slick

The Quran is not arranged chronologically.  Instead, it is arranged roughly from the largest to the smallest chapter.  Each chapter has a special name and they are known as Surahs, which is Arabic for chapter.  This chart arranges the surahs in the order they were composed.

This chart was adapted from http://tanzil.net/wiki/Revelation_Order1 and http://skepticsannotatedbible.com/quran/chrono.htm.  There is a slight disagreement among some Muslims about specific Surahs and their order, but those disagreements are few.  For the most part, this list is an accurate representation of the order of Surah's written by Muhammad that were later collected as the Quran.

  • Sura 110 (An-Nasr) is the last in the traditional order, but Noldeke has placed it between 59 and 24.
  • Sura 62 (Al-Jumu'a) is after 64 and 61 in the traditional order, but Noldeke has placed it before 64 and 61.

 

1 Al-Alaq 96 Mecca   Early
2 Al-Qalam 68 Mecca Except 17-33 and 48-50, from Medina Early
3 Al-Muzzammil 73 Mecca Except 10, 11 and 20, from Medina Early
4 Al-Muddaththir 74 Mecca   Early
5 Al-Faatiha 1 Mecca   Early
6 Al-Masad 111 Mecca   Early
7 At-Takwir 81 Mecca   Early
8 Al-A'laa 87 Mecca   Early
9 Al-Lail 92 Mecca   Early
10 Al-Fajr 89 Mecca   Early
11 Ad-Dhuhaa 93 Mecca   Early
12 Ash-Sharh 94 Mecca   Early
13 Al-Asr 103 Mecca   Early
14 Al-Aadiyaat 100 Mecca   Early
15 Al-Kawthar 108 Mecca   Early
16 At-Takaathur 102 Mecca   Early
17 Al-Maa'un 107 Mecca Only 1-3 from Mecca; rest from Medina Early
18 Al-Kaafiroon 109 Mecca   Early
19 Al-Fil 105 Mecca   Early
20 Al-Falaq 113 Mecca   Early
21 An-Naas 114 Mecca   Early
22 Al-Ikhlaas 112 Mecca   Early
23 An-Najm 53 Mecca Except 32, from Medina Early
24 Abasa 80 Mecca   Early
25 Al-Qadr 97 Mecca   Early
26 Ash-Shams 91 Mecca   Early
27 Al-Burooj 85 Mecca   Early
28 At-Tin 95 Mecca   Early
29 Quraish 106 Mecca   Early
30 Al-Qaari'a 101 Mecca   Early
31 Al-Qiyaama 75 Mecca   618-620
32 Al-Humaza 104 Mecca   618-620
33 Al-Mursalaat 77 Mecca Except 48, from Medina 618-620
34 Qaaf 50 Mecca Except 38, from Medina 618-620
35 Al-Balad 90 Mecca   618-620
36 At-Taariq 86 Mecca   618-620
37 Al-Qamar 54 Mecca Except 44-46, from Medina 618-620
38 Saad 38 Mecca   618-620
39 Al-A'raaf 7 Mecca Except 163-170, from Medina 618-620
40 Al-Jinn 72 Mecca   618-620
41 Yaseen 36 Mecca Except 45, from Medina 618-620
42 Al-Furqaan 25 Mecca Except 68-70, from Medina 618-620
43 Faatir 35 Mecca   618-620
44 Maryam 19 Mecca Except 58 and 71, from Medina 618-620
45 Taa-Haa 20 Mecca Except 130 and 131, from Medina 618-620
46 Al-Waaqia 56 Mecca Except 81 and 82, from Medina 618-620
47 Ash-Shu'araa 26 Mecca Except 197 and 224-227, from Medina 618-620
48 An-Naml 27 Mecca   618-620
49 Al-Qasas 28 Mecca Except 52-55 from Medina and 85 from Juhfa at the time of the Hijra 618-620
50 Al-Israa 17 Mecca Except 26, 32, 33, 57, 73-80, from Medina 618-620
51 Yunus 10 Mecca Except 40, 94, 95, 96, from Medina 618-620
52 Hud 11 Mecca Except 12, 17, 114, from Medina 618-620
53 Yusuf 12 Mecca Except 1, 2, 3, 7, from Medina 618-620
54 Al-Hijr 15 Mecca Except 87, from Medina 618-620
55 Al-An'aam 6 Mecca Except 20, 23, 91, 93, 114, 151, 152, 153, from Medina 618-620
56 As-Saaffaat 37 Mecca   618-620
57 Luqman 31 Mecca Except 27-29, from Medina 618-620
58 Saba 34 Mecca   618-620
59 Az-Zumar 39 Mecca   618-620
60 Al-Ghaafir 40 Mecca Except 56, 57, from Medina 618-620
61 Fussilat 41 Mecca   620-622
62 Ash-Shura 42 Mecca Except 23, 24, 25, 27, from Medina 620-622
63 Az-Zukhruf 43 Mecca Except 54, from Medina 620-622
64 Ad-Dukhaan 44 Mecca   620-622
65 Al-Jaathiya 45 Mecca Except 14, from Medina 620-622
66 Al-Ahqaf 46 Mecca Except 10, 15, 35, from Medina 620-622
67 Adh-Dhaariyat 51 Mecca   620-622
68 Al-Ghaashiya 88 Mecca   620-622
69 Al-Kahf 18 Mecca Except 28, 83-101, from Medina 620-622
70 An-Nahl 16 Mecca Except last three verses 127-129, from Medina 620-622
71 Nooh 71 Mecca   620-622
72 Ibrahim 14 Mecca Except 28, 29, from Medina 620-622
73 Al-Anbiyaa 21 Mecca   620-622
74 Al-Muminoon 23 Mecca   620-622
75 As-Sajda 32 Mecca Except 16-20, from Medina 620-622
76 At-Tur 52 Mecca   620-622
77 Al-Mulk 67 Mecca   620-622
78 Al-Haaqqa 69 Mecca   620-622
79 Al-Ma'aarij 70 Mecca   620-622
80 An-Naba 78 Mecca   620-622
81 An-Naazi'aat 79 Mecca   620-622
82 Al-Infitaar 82 Mecca   620-622
83 Al-Inshiqaaq 84 Mecca   620-622
84 Ar-Room 30 Mecca Except 17, from Medina 620-622
85 Al-Ankaboot 29 Mecca Except 1-11, from Medina 620-622
86 Al-Mutaffifin 83 Mecca Last from Mecca 620-622
87 Al-Baqara 2 Medina Except 281 from Mina at the time of the Last Hajj Medina
88 Al-Anfaal 8 Medina Except 30-36 from Mecca Medina
89 Aal-i-Imraan 3 Medina   Medina
90 Al-Ahzaab 33 Medina   Medina
91 Al-Mumtahana 60 Medina   Medina
92 An-Nisaa 4 Medina   Medina
93 Az-Zalzala 99 Medina   Medina
94 Al-Hadid 57 Medina   Medina
95 Muhammad 47 Medina Except 13, from during the Hijrah Medina
96 Ar-Ra'd 13 Medina   Medina
97 Ar-Rahmaan 55 Medina   Medina
98 Al-Insaan 76 Medina   Medina
99 At-Talaaq 65 Medina   Medina
100 Al-Bayyina 98 Medina   Medina
101 Al-Hashr 59 Medina   Medina
102 An-Noor 24 Medina   Medina
103 Al-Hajj 22 Medina Except 52-55, from between Mecca and Medina Medina
104 Al-Munaafiqoon 63 Medina   Medina
105 Al-Mujaadila 58 Medina   Medina
106 Al-Hujuraat 49 Medina   Medina
107 At-Tahrim 66 Medina   Medina
108 At-Taghaabun 64 Medina   Medina
109 As-Saff 61 Medina   Medina
110 Al-Jumu'a 62 Medina   Medina
111 Al-Fath 48 Medina While returning from Hudaybiyya Medina
112 Al-Maaida 5 Medina Except 3, from Arafat on Last Hajj Medina
113 At-Tawba 9 Medina Except last two verses from Mecca Medina
114 An-Nasr 110 Medina Last one, from Mina on Last Hajj Medina
  • 1. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/#
 
 

About The Author

Matt Slick is the President and Founder of the Christian Apologetics and Research Ministry.